Continuing his exploration of the organization of complexity and the science of design, this new edition of Herbert Simon´s classic work on artificial intelligence adds a chapter that sorts out the current themes and tools--chaos, adaptive systems, genetic algorithms--for analyzing complexity and complex systems.
Data Scientisten (m/w) sind derzeit auf dem Jobmarkt heißbegehrt. In Amerika sind erfahrene Data Scientisten so beliebt wie eine Getränkebude in der Wüste. Aber auch in Deutschland ist eine steigende Nachfrage nach diesem Skillprofil erkennbar. Immer mehr Unternehmen bauen ´´Analytics´´-Abteilungen auf bzw. aus und suchen entsprechende Mitarbeiter. Nur: was macht eigentlich ein Data Scientist? Irgendetwas mit künstlicher Intelligenz, Machine Learning, Data-Mining, Python-Programmierung und Big Data. So genau weiß es eigentlich niemand ... Das Buch ist eine Einführung und Übersicht über das weitumfassende Themengebiet Data Science. Es werden die Datenquellen (Datenbanken, Data-Warehouse, Hadoop etc.) und die Softwareprodukte für die Datenanalyse vorgestellt (Data-Science-Plattformen, ML Bibliotheken). Die wichtigsten Verfahren des Machine Learnings werden ebenso behandelt wie beispielhafte Anwendungsfälle aus verschiedenen Branchen.
This engaging and clearly written textbook/reference provides a must-have introduction to the rapidly emerging interdisciplinary field of data science. It focuses on the principles fundamental to becoming a good data scientist and the key skills needed to build systems for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data. The Data Science Design Manual is a source of practical insights that highlights what really matters in analyzing data, and provides an intuitive understanding of how these core concepts can be used. The book does not emphasize any particular programming language or suite of data-analysis tools, focusing instead on high-level discussion of important design principles. This easy-to-read text ideally serves the needs of undergraduate and early graduate students embarking on an ´´Introduction to Data Science´´ course. It reveals how this discipline sits at the intersection of statistics, computer science, and machine learning, with a distinct heft and character of its own. Practitioners in these and related fields will find this book perfect for self-study as well. Additional learning tools: Contains ´´War Stories,´´ offering perspectives on how data science applies in the real world Includes ´´Homework Problems,´´ providing a wide range of exercises and projects for self-study Provides a complete set of lecture slides and online video lectures at www.data-manual.com Provides ´´Take-Home Lessons,´´ emphasizing the big-picture concepts to learn from each chapter Recommends exciting ´´Kaggle Challenges´´ from the online platform Kaggle Highlights ´´False Starts,´´ revealing the subtle reasons why certain approaches fail Offers examples taken from the data science television show ´´The Quant Shop´´ (www.quant-shop.com)
John Vince describes a range of mathematical topics to provide a foundation for an undergraduate course in computer science, starting with a review of number systems and their relevance to digital computers, and finishing with differential and integral calculus. Readers will find that the author´s visual approach will greatly improve their understanding as to why certain mathematical structures exist, together with how they are used in real-world applications. Each chapter includes full-colour illustrations to clarify the mathematical descriptions, and in some cases, equations are also coloured to reveal vital algebraic patterns. The numerous worked examples will consolidate comprehension of abstract mathematical concepts. Foundation Mathematics for Computer Science covers number systems, algebra, logic, trigonometry, coordinate systems, determinants, vectors, matrices, geometric matrix transforms, differential and integral calculus, and reveals the names of the mathematicians behind such inventions. During this journey, John Vince touches upon more esoteric topics such as quaternions, octonions, Grassmann algebra, Barycentric coordinates, transfinite sets and prime numbers. Whether you intend to pursue a career in programming, scientific visualisation, systems design, or real-time computing, you should find the author´s literary style refreshingly lucid and engaging, and prepare you for more advanced texts.
Classic Computer Science Problems in Python presents dozens of coding challenges, ranging from simple tasks like finding items in a list with a binary sort algorithm to clustering data using k-means. Classic Computer Science Problems in Python deepens your Python language skills by challenging you with time-tested scenarios, exercises, and algorithms. As you work through examples in search, clustering, graphs, and more, you´ll remember important things you´ve forgotten and discover classic solutions to your ´´new´´ problems Key Features- Breadth-first and depth-first search algorithms- Constraints satisfaction problems- Common techniques for graphs- Adversarial Search- Neural networks and genetic algorithms- Written for data engineers and scientists with experience using Python. For readers comfortable with the basics of Python About the technology Python is used everywhere for web applications, data munging, and powerful machine learning applications. Even problems that seem new or unique stand on the shoulders of classic algorithms, coding techniques, and engineering principles. Master these core skills, and you´ll be ready to use Python for AI, data-centric programming, deep learning, and the other challenges you´ll face as you grow your skill as a programmer. David Kopec teaches at Champlain College in Burlington, VT and is the author of Manning´s Classic Computer Science Problemsin Swift.
This book develops the core system science needed to enable the development of a complex industrial internet of things/manufacturing cyber-physical systems (IIoT/M-CPS). Gathering contributions from leading experts in the field with years of experience in advancing manufacturing, it fosters a research community committed to advancing research and education in IIoT/M-CPS and to translating applicable science and technology into engineering practice. Presenting the current state of IIoT and the concept of cybermanufacturing, this book is at the nexus of research advances from the engineering and computer and information science domains. Readers will acquire the core system science needed to transform to cybermanufacturing that spans the full spectrum from ideation to physical realization.
This textbook addresses the conceptual and practical aspects of the various phases of the lifecycle of service systems, ranging from service ideation, design, implementation, analysis, improvement and trading associated with service systems engineering. Written by leading experts in the field, this indispensable textbook will enable a new wave of future professionals to think in a service-focused way with the right balance of competencies in computer science, engineering, and management. Fundamentals of Service Systems is a centerpiece for a course syllabus on service systems. Each chapter includes a summary, a list of learning objectives, an opening case, and a review section with questions, a project description, a list of key terms, and a list of further reading bibliography. All these elements enable students to learn at a faster and more comfortable peace. For researchers, teachers, and students who want to learn about this new emerging science, Fundamentals of Service Systems provides an overview of the core disciplines underlying the study of service systems. It is aimed at students of information systems, information technology, and business and economics. It also targets business and IT practitioners, especially those who are looking for better ways of innovating, designing, modeling, analyzing, and optimizing service systems.
Deep learning systems have gotten really great at identifying patterns in text, images, and video. But applications that create realistic images, natural sentences and paragraphs, or native-quality translations have proven elusive. Generative Adversarial Networks, or GANs, offer a promising solution to these challenges by pairing two competing neural networks-one that generates content and the other that rejects samples that are of poor quality. GANs in Action: Deep learning with Generative Adversarial Networks teaches you how to build and train your own generative adversarial networks. First, you´ll get an introduction to generative modelling and how GANs work, along with an overview of their potential uses. Then, you´ll start building your own simple adversarial system, as you explore the foundation of GAN architecture: the generator and discriminator networks. Key Features- Understanding GANs and their potential- Hands-on code tutorials to build GAN models- Advanced GAN architectures and techniques like Cycle-Consistent Adversarial Networks- Handling the progressive growing of GANs- Practical applications of GANs Written for data scientists and data analysts with intermediate Python knowledge. Knowing the basics of deep learning will also be helpful. About the technology GANs have already achieved remarkable results that have been thought impossible for artificial systems, such as the ability to generate realistic faces, turn a scribble into a photograph-like image, are turn video footage of a horse into a running zebra. Most importantly, GANs learn quickly without the need for vast troves of painstakingly labeled training data. Jakub Langr graduated from Oxford University where he also taught at OU Computing Services. He has worked in data science since 2013, most recently as a data science Tech Lead at Filtered.com and as a data science consultant at Mudano. Jakub also designed and teaches Data Science courses at the University of Birmingham and is a fellow of the Royal Statistical Society. Vladimir Bok is a Senior Product Manager at Intent Media, a data science company for leading travel sites, where he helps oversee the company´s Machine Learning research and infrastructure teams. Prior to that, he was a Program Manager at Microsoft. Vladimir graduated Cum Laude with a degree in Computer Science from Harvard University. He has worked as a software engineer at early stage FinTech companies, including one founded by PayPal co-founder Max Levchin, and as a Data Scientist at a Y Combinator startup.
This is an introductory to intermediate level text on the science of image processing, which employs the Matlab programming language to illustrate some of the elementary, key concepts in modern image processing and pattern recognition. The approach taken is essentially practical and the book offers a framework within which the concepts can be understood by a series of well chosen examples, exercises and computer experiments, drawing on specific examples from within science, medicine and engineering. Clearly divided into eleven distinct chapters, the book begins with a fast-start introduction to image processing to enhance the accessibility of later topics. Subsequent chapters offer increasingly advanced discussion of topics involving more challenging concepts, with the final chapter looking at the application of automated image classification (with Matlab examples) . Matlab is frequently used in the book as a tool for demonstrations, conducting experiments and for solving problems, as it is both ideally suited to this role and is widely available. Prior experience of Matlab is not required and those without access to Matlab can still benefit from the independent presentation of topics and numerous examples. * Features a companion website www.wiley.com/go/solomon/fundamentals containing a Matlab fast-start primer, further exercises, examples, instructor resources and accessibility to all files corresponding to the examples and exercises within the book itself. * Includes numerous examples, graded exercises and computer experiments to support both students and instructors alike.