Limited to a strict interpretation of its definition, open source consists of a set of rules which apply to a piece of software and which specify how the software and derivatives of it may be used. However, it is widely seen as much more than a simple licensing agreement, it is a ´´philoshophy´´, a ´´production model´´, a ´´way of organizing projects´´, or even ´´a new innovation model´´. But how are open source projects organized and how is work coordinated and distributed between its developers? This work contributes by examining actual source code changes, comparing 29 projects. Which developers collaborate in the same files and wich work exclusively in their own domain? Looking for patterns across projects, this work attempts to identify coordination styles in open source projects.
A hands-on introduction to computer science concepts for non-technical readers. Activities include word searches, mazes, ´´Find the Bug!´´ hunts, matching games, ´´Color by Boolean´´ (a twist on the classic Paint by Numbers), and more. The Computer Science Activity Book is the perfect companion for curious youngsters and grown-ups -- especially those who think they´ll never understand how computers work. As readers work their way through this collection of fun and innovative hands-on exercises, they´ll learn the core programming concepts and computer terminology that form the foundation of a STEM education. Readers learn about historical figures like Charles Babbage, Ada Lovelace, Grace Hopper, and Alan Turing; how computers store data and run programs; and how the parts of a computer work together (like the hard drive, RAM, and CPU) through activities that teach foundational programming concepts like drawing a garden of flowers using for loops and creating creatures with conditional statements.
Compilation of works resulting from years of lectures in the field of telecommunications, information technology, information protection and digital forensics is an attempt to create a general picture of the listed areas. The same can be used as a teaching curriculum for more subjects, such as teaching staff, but also those who are in love with these areas, who, besides the scientific background, are interested in the basics of functioning of the telecommunication channel for general purposes, without the protection of information, for special purposes, with the protection of information.
VHDL-2007: Just the New Stuff, as its title says, introduces the new features added to the latest revision of the IEEE standard for the VHDL hardware description language. Written by the Chair and Technical Editor of the IEEE working group, the book is an authoritative guide to how the new features work and how to use them to improve design productivity. It will be invaluable for early adopters of the new language version, for tool implementers, and for those just curious about where VHDL is headed.
Continuing his exploration of the organization of complexity and the science of design, this new edition of Herbert Simon´s classic work on artificial intelligence adds a chapter that sorts out the current themes and tools--chaos, adaptive systems, genetic algorithms--for analyzing complexity and complex systems.
A basic primer for all employees on using Lean Six Sigma to meet your company´s goals and your customers´ needs Lean Six Sigma combines the two most important and popular quality trends of our time: Six Sigma and Lean Production. In this plain-English guide, you´ll discover how this remarkable quality improvement method will help you identify and eliminate waste, cut costs and grow revenue, enhance your job skills, and even make work more meaningful.What is Lean Six Sigma? reveals why companies are implementing this strategy, and walks you through the foundations of Lean Six Sigma, explaining the ´´four keys´´ and how they apply to your own job:Delight your customers with speed and quality Improve your processes Work together for maximum gain Base decisions on data and facts Featuring charts, diagrams, and case studies of teams who have used these methods to improve their workplace, What is Lean Six Sigma? tells you what you need to know to make this strategy a success in your organization.
Maya artists and animators face complex problems that are not easily solved with the built-in capabilities of the program. MEL (Maya Embedded Language), the scripting language included with Maya, enables users to automate and customize their work. Programming in MEL is often the first programming task of any kind attempted by an artist or animator. However, learning to program is hard for many artists, and it is very hard to learn how to program MEL by just reading the Maya documentation. In the first edition of MEL Scripting for Maya Animators, Mark Wilkins and Chris Kazmier provided very clear explanations of basic programming concepts to an audience without programming experience. That book earned the reputation as the best introductory book on MEL. Since that edition, Maya has released two new major version upgrades and its user base has continued to grow. Now in a second edition, the book is fully updated to Maya 6 and includes a number of brand new features, such as a discussion of global procedures, new chapters on fixing programming bottlenecks, advanced user interface techniques, and optimizing character rigs.
Launch into coding with Mission: Python, a space-themed guide to building a complete computer game in Python. As you work through the book, you´ll build exercises and mini-projects, like making a spacewalk simulator and creating an astronaut´s safety checklist that will put your new Python skills to the test. Before you know it, you´ll have a working, awesome game to stump your friends with (and some nifty coding skills, too!). You can follow this book using a Raspberry Pi or a Microsoft Windows PC, and the 3D graphics and sound effects you need are provided as a download.
Work with blockchain and understand its potential application beyond cryptocurrencies in the domains of healthcare, Internet of Things, finance, decentralized organizations, and open science. Featuring case studies and practical insights generated from a start-up spun off from the author´s own lab, this book covers a unique mix of topics not found in others and offers insight into how to overcome real hurdles that arise as the market and consumers grow accustomed to blockchain based start-ups. You´ll start with a review of the historical origins of blockchain and explore the basic cryptography needed to make the blockchain work for Bitcoin. You will then learn about the technical advancements made in the surrounded ecosystem: the Ethereum virtual machine, Solidity, Colored Coins, the Hyperledger Project, Blockchain-as-a-service offered through IBM, Microsoft and more. This book looks at the consequences of machine-to-machine transactions using the blockchain socially, technologically, economically and politically. Blockchain Enabled Applications provides you with a clear perspective of the ecosystem that has developed around the blockchain and the various industries it has penetrated. What You´ll Learn Implement the code-base from Fabric and Sawtooth, two open source blockchain-efforts being developed under the Hyperledger Project Evaluate the benefits of integrating blockchain with emerging technologies, such as machine learning and artificial intelligence in the cloud Use the practical insights provided by the case studies to your own projects or start-up ideas Set up a development environment to compile and manage projects Who This Book Is For Developers who are interested in learning about the blockchain as a data-structure, the recent advancements being made and how to implement the code-base. Decision makers within large corporations (product managers, directors or CIO level executives) interested in implementing the blockchain who need more practical insights and not just theory.
Now in its third edition, this best-selling book continues to bring you some of the best thinking on how to apply Oracle Database to produce scalable applications that perform well and deliver correct results. Tom Kyte and Darl Kuhn share a simple philosophy: ´´you can treat Oracle as a black box and just stick data into it, or you can understand how it works and exploit it as a powerful computing environment.´´ If you choose the latter, then you´ll find that there are few information management problems that you cannot solve quickly and elegantly. This fully revised third edition covers the developments up to Oracle Database 12 c . Significant new content is included surrounding Oracle´s new cloud feature set, and especially the use of pluggable databases. Each feature is taught in a proof-by-example manner, not only discussing what it is, but also how it works, how to implement software using it, and the common pitfalls associated with it. Don´t treat Oracle Database as a black-box. Get this book. Get under the hood. Turbo-charge your career. Revised to cover Oracle Database 12 c Proof-by-example approach: Let the evidence be your guide Dives deeply into Oracle Database´s most powerful features